Laurie & Whittle
Maps prepared by Nathaniel Coltman for publication in Laurie and Whittles New Traveller’s Companion…in England, Wales and Scotland…London, Laurie & Whittle, 1806. Coltman worked for the post office and had worked for Laurie & Whittle in the preparation of their Welsh Atlas of 1805. Much of the material used by Coltman was gathered by John Cary while surveying the roads for the Postmaster-General in the 1790’s. The maps, at a scale of 7 1/2 inches to a mile, covered a larger area than previous strip maps and were more utilitarian, showing roads with their distances between places and county boundaries, the topographical information mainly limited to rivers and, in later editions, coastlines. They are neatly engraved by several engravers and hand coloured and it was a popular work with publications continuing until 1836.
Four maps were engraved by Joseph Bye (1779-1817). He was apprenticed to Benjamin Baker and later worked in partnership with Edward Jones and Benjamin Smith. With Benjamin Smith, under the aliases James Johnson and George Williams, they were convicted and sentenced to death at Dover 3 Nov 1817 for forging Margate Bank Notes. They were hanged November 27 1817.
Nine maps were engraved by Benjamin Smith (fl.1799-1817). Born in London c.1774 the son of Benjamin Smith a stipple engraver of portraits and historical scenes, he was apprenticed to Joseph Ellis in 1789 and later worked in partnership with Edward Jones and Joseph Bye. With Joseph Bye, under the aliases James Johnson and George Williams, they were convicted and sentenced to death at Dover 3 Nov 1817 for forging Margate Bank Notes. They were hanged November 27 1817.
Seven maps are signed by Edward Jones (fl.1799-1818). Little is known for certain about his early life but in partnership with Benjamin Smith he was trading as “Jones and Smith” or “Smith & Jones” 1799-1801 and then also with Joseph Bye as “Jones, Smith & Bye” or “Jones, Smith & Co.” 1801-1804. He was imprisoned in the Kings Bench for debt in July 1806.
The map issued in the later editions numbered 25 showing roads in Scotland is signed W.West of which little is known. His name appears on maps between 1804 and 1813 including Laurie & Whittle’s new chart of the coast of Norway 1812.
Robert Laurie (1755-1836) was apprenticed to Robert Sayer and after working independently for a few years, returned to work with Sayer. James Whittle (1757-1818) also worked for Sayer and with Robert Laurie became his junior partner as “Sayer & Co.” in 1790. In 1794 they took over the business and stock trading as “Laurie & Whittle”. Robert Laurie retired in 1812 and his son, Richard Holmes Laurie became Whittle’s new partner with the firm now trading as “Whittle and Laurie”.